Metrology needs in the measurement of environmental radioactivity

a seminar sponsored by the International Committee for Radionuclide Metrology
  • 3.70 MB
  • English

Pergamon , Oxford
Statementedited by J.M.R. Hutchinson and W.B. Mann.
ContributionsHutchinson, J. M. R., Mann, Wilfrid Basil, 1908-, International Committee for Radionuclide Metrology.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17482726M
ISBN 100080229433

Get this from a library. Metrology needs in the measurement of environmental radioactivity: a seminar. [Wilfrid B Mann; J M R Hutchinson; International Committee for Radionuclide Metrology.;]. The main radioactivity measurement fields, requiring standards are underlined and some relevant application examples are exposed.

Our Laboratory achievements in the obtaining and distribution of standards and in carrying out special measurements are shortly presented, too. Metrology needs in the measurement of environmental radioactivity book words: radioactivity, standard, measurement, traceability. The field of engineering metrology relates to the measurement and standardisation requirements for manufacturing.

In the past, engineering metrology mainly covered dimensional metrology, that is the science and technology of length measurement (see Refs. [18,19]). Modern engineering metrology usually encompasses dimensional plus mass and.

Environment International. A Journal of Science, Technology, Health, Monitoring and Policy. Vol. 1, number 1/2.

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Metrology Needs in the Measurement of Environmental Radioactivity. Jorio, M.S. Dresselhaus, in Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, 1 Definitions for Metrology and Nanometrology. Metrology is “the science of measurement, embracing both experimental and theoretical determinations at any level of uncertainty in any field of science and technology,” as defined by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM ).

We are organizing a Special Issue on the impact of radon risk and metrology in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.

The venue is a peer-reviewed scientific open access journal that publishes articles and communications in the interdisciplinary area of environmental health sciences and public health.

Papers were presented on "Status of Decay Schemes," "Some Activities and Needs for AEC Regulatory in the Use of Radioactivity Standards," "Standards for Environmental Studies," "Program and Activities of the Quality Assurance Branch, NERC-Las Vegas," "Activities of commercial Radionuclide Producers," and "Radionuclide Metrology and Quality.

Author(s): Mann,Wilfrid B(Wilfrid Basil); Hutchinson,J M R; International Committee for Radionuclide Metrology.

Details Metrology needs in the measurement of environmental radioactivity EPUB

Title(s): Metrology needs in the measurement of environmental radioactivity: a seminar/ sponsored by the International Committee for Radionuclide Metrology in Paris, October ; edited by J. Hutchinson and W.

Mann. Country of Publication: England Publisher: Oxford. All detector systems for the measurement of radioactivity in the different fields of applications need to be calibrated in terms of efficiency with radioactive sources of known activities and of known radionuclides.

This is true for the measurement of environmental radioactivity, activities of sources for medical applications, or activities in the field of nuclear industry and nuclear : Dirk Arnold, Herbert Janßen.

Traceability in radionuclide metrology Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research () North-Holland. Amsterdam Section I V. Reference material and radiotracers.

Needs for Radioactivity Standards addressed the basic issues of identifying emerging technologies, ordering priorities, developing measurement quality assurance programs, and establishing traceability for key measurements at the national and international levels.

Following the historical background, Mann gave special emphasis to needs for. Background radiation is a measure of the level of ionizing radiation present in the environment at a particular location which is not due to deliberate introduction of radiation sources.

Background radiation originates from a variety of sources, both natural and artificial. These include both cosmic radiation and environmental radioactivity from naturally occurring radioactive materials (such.

This is true for the measurement of environmental radioactivity, activities of sources for medical applications, or activities in the field of nuclear industry and nuclear research.

Improving measurement understanding and best practice. Our good practice guides are a practical and informative series of documents designed to meet the needs of industry. They are a user-friendly way to find out about what to measure, how to measure it and how to understand the results.

The meaning of measurement in metrology. evaluation to address current and emerging needs in measurement science that Technical Note could not have Author: David Rodney White. Metrology Needs in the Measurement of Environmental Radioactivity (1 April, ) First-Year Physics for Radiographers (1 April, ) Free Health Implications of Nuclear Power Production.

To ensure that the division is in touch with the needs of the communities it serves, members participate in a number of user organizations, such as the Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI), and in measurement assurance programs for radioactivity measurement traceability.

Our world-leading measurement solutions are critical to business and government, accelerating research and innovation, improving quality of life and enabling trade. We ensure our cutting-edge measurement science has a positive impact in the real world.

As the UK's National Measurement Institute, NPL develops and maintains the national primary. This is true for the measurement of environmental radioactivity, activities of sources for medical applications, or activities in the field of nuclear industry and nuclear research.

It is the task of National Metrology Institutes (NMIs) and Calibration Laboratories to calibrate radioactive sources in terms of activity and to provide activity. About the author: Ryan Fitzgerald is a physicist in the Radioactivity Group of the Ionizing Radiation Division of the Physical Measurement Laboratory at NIST.

He carries out research in radioactivity metrology to meet demands from a variety of sectors: basic science, health, security, environmental and.

Book Reviews Particle Counting in Radioactivity Measurements ICRU Report 52 (International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements (ICRU) Publications, Bethesda, MDUSA),80 p., $ 50 The report is a beautifully written synopsis of the basic principles of a number of radioactivity standardization methods.

Radioactivity The Radioactivity Group continues to be involved in four principal areas of scientific and technical activities: (l) standards and methods, (:Z) metrology In nuclear medicine, (3) metrology and monitoring related to the environment, and (4) quality assurance and traceability programs.

measurement namely that the measurement be regarded as the "output" of a. process analogous to an industrial production process. In defining the process. one must state the conditions under which a " repeti tion of the measurement would be made, analogous to defining the conditions of manufacture in an industrial process.

A software platform for environmental measurement preparation and data control of nuclear emergency exercises 34 Needs in making european recovery prepardness operational 35 OPERRA-HARMONE, Knowledge Database and FDMT regionalization 36 Using dose for prediction of early health effects after ionizing radiation: a challenging task This book is a collection of valuable information compiled by experts in the field to serve as a single resource for metrology and calibration professionals.

The supplemental CD-ROM contains acronyms and abbreviations, a glossary of terms, tables and formulas, and common conversions. ISO (all parts) and ISO are addressed to the people responsible for determining the radioactivity present on solid surfaces.

ISO is published in three parts and can be used jointly or separately according to needs. SRMs provide the metrology community with means by which they can: a) validate radioanalytical methods, b) control the quality of measurement process, c) compare measurement results within projects and programs (both within a laboratory and between laboratories) over an extended time period, and d).

needs, and the program directors and measurement community need to communicate their needs early to the producers and support the efforts. It is important to keep in mind that developing good reference materials is a complex process that requires careful metrology and may take a considerable amount of time with a commiserate expense.

iso/iec general requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories: iec radiation protection instrumentation - ambient and/or directional dose equivalent (rate) meters and/or monitors for beta, x and gamma radiation - part 1: portable workplace and environmental meters and monitors.

Radon Measurement Duration. Radon Measurement Devices. Units of Radon Measurement. Measurements in Homes.

Description Metrology needs in the measurement of environmental radioactivity PDF

Interpretation of Measurement Results. Radon Preventive Measures in New Homes. This document is intended for persons and organizations carrying out radon testing in residential homes.

The purpose of the testing is to evaluate radon levels. The State metrology laboratories now form the backbone of the legal metrology measurement infrastructure in the U.S. (see Fig. 6). The primary method used to achieve equity in the marketplace is a system of traceability from NIST to State laboratories and from the State laboratories to field enforcement staff and registered service agents.NUREG,Supp.l EPA R DOE/HS MULTI-AGENCY RADIATION SURVEY AND ASSESSMENT OF MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT MANUAL (MARSAME) I Final January for the Quantile Test A Appendix B Sources of Background Radioactivity B-l B.I Introduction B-l B.2 Environmental Radioactivity B-l B Terrestrial Radioactivity B-2 BThe Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre (Latvian: Latvijas Vides, ģeoloģijas un meteoroloģijas centrs; LVĢMC) is a governmental service under the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development of Latvia.

The main objectives of the centre are to collect and process environmental information, carry out environmental monitoring and inform the society on the.